Preliminary Evaluation of a Fixed Dose of Zwitterionic Piperazine (TVZ-7) in Clinical Cancer
One of the zwitterion buffers that has shown significant therapeutic value in the treatment of pain due to cancer, immunologically mediated diseases, and the pain associated with these conditions is in the class of N-substituted amino-sulfonic acids known as “Good Buffers.” Zwitterion molecules have neither a negative nor a positive charge; thus, they are neutral. 4-(2 Hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazine ethane sulfonic acid has been used for several decades in artificial biological systems (tissue culture) as a buffer. We have been exploring the therapeutic value of these zwitterionic buffers. Pilot animal studies have demonstrated that zwitterionic piperazine increases bone marrow hypercellularity and induces extramedullary hematopoiesis. We report the initial human use to explore dose toxic and physiologic effects of a fixed dose of the zwitterionic piperazine molecule. There appears to be potential therapeutic value in the treatment of pain due to cancer, and there are preliminary indications that tumor activity and tumor size are reduced. Immunologically mediated diseases may also be affected. Toxicity is low and there appear to be minimal side effects.